Having recently become tired of all the advertisements bombarding Facebook, I have turned my social media interest towards Instagram. Quick, real-life, with no ads, I have found a picture and a few words is a great way to let people know what you are up to. The other day I took a road trip down to Byron Bay with a friend of mine. It was a drizzly day, not very good for the sun, sea and sand fun we had in mind, so we stopped at the awesome Roadhouse Café for a hot drink. I was in blissful heaven with my steaming cup of house-made almond milk, raw cacao hot chocolate, sweetened with coconut palm sugar. So I Instagrammed it!
A comment from a friend quickly disturbed my sweet cacao bliss. She said “So coconut palm sugar isn’t the palm sugar we are stealing from the orangutans is it?” This got me thinking. Am I unconsciously adding to the decline of the orangutan population through my love of coconut palm sugar? I had to investigate.
Now I know that orangutans are endangered. The Sumatran species is critically endangered and the Bornean species is endangered with the Bornean orangutan population declined by 50% in the past 60 years. Sumatran orangutan populations declined by 80% in 75 years. In late March 2012, some of the last Sumatran orangutans in northern Sumatra were reported to be threatened with approaching forest fires and might be wiped out entirely within a matter of weeks.
During the early 2000s, orangutan habitat was decreased rapidly due to logging and forest fires, as well as fragmentation by roads. A major factor in that period of time has been the conversion of vast areas of tropical forest to palm oil plantations in response to international demand. Palm oil is used for cooking, cosmetics, mechanics, and biodiesel. Hunting is also a major problem, as is the illegal pet trade. Orangutans may be killed for the bush meat trade, crop protection, or for use for traditional medicine.
But is coconut palm sugar the same palm as palm sugar and palm oil? I had to do a little research. The terms “coconut sugar” and “palm sugar” are often used interchangeably. However, coconut sugar is different both in taste, texture and manufacture methods from palm sugar, which is made from the sap in the stems of the Palmyra palm, the date palm, the sugar date palm, the sago palm or the sugar palm. Coconut palm sugar is a sugar produced from the sap of cut flower buds of the coconut palm Cocos nucifera.
Coconut sugar comes in crystal or granule form, block or liquid. It is essentially a two-step process. It starts with harvesting or “tapping” the blossoms of a coconut tree. Farmers make a cut on the spadix and the sap starts to flow from the cut. The sap is then collected in bamboo containers. The sap collected is then transferred into giant woks and placed over moderate heat to evaporate the moisture content of the sap. The sap is translucent and is about 80% water. As the water evaporates, it starts to transform into a thick syrup-like substance known as a “toddy”. From this form, it is further reduced to crystal, block or soft paste form, or it remains in this form. Essentially, coconut sugar’s form depends on the moisture content of the toddy.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa. Palm oil is naturally reddish in colour because of a high beta-carotene content. It is not to be confused with palm kernel oil derived from the kernel of the same fruit, or coconut oil derived from the kernel of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).
Palm oil cultivation has been criticized for impacts on the natural environment, including deforestation, loss of natural habitats, which has threatened critically endangered species such as the orangutan and Sumatran tiger, and increased greenhouse gas emissions. Efforts to portray palm oil cultivation as sustainable have been made by organizations and the Malaysian government, which has committed to preserve 50 percent its total land area as forest.
So is coconut palm sugar from the same plant as palm oil? No. Is consuming coconut palm sugar going to be affecting orangutans? Possibly, if profitable farming encourages the loss of native habitat. What can you do about it? Make sure your coconut palm sugar is sustainably farmed- certain companies such as Loving Earth and Power Superfoods put a lot of research into their products, ensuring there is no harm done in the ascertainment of the good. And make sure you check the country of origin. I am avoiding coconut palm sugar from Indonesia and Malaysia, but I have seen some from Thailand and Sri Lanka which could be orangutan friendly options.
Thank goodness! I can go back to enjoying my delicious hot chocolate guilt free!